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Dual Corporation (株式会社デュアル) was established on July 1, 1987 [1], as KLON.

Carpine was established in 2005 by a group of former staff led by programmer Kureaki Takahashi (高橋呉明).

Research Methods: Actual mentions, online resources (see Links), shared staff


  • Futari wa PreCure Splash Star: Panpaka Game de Zekkouchou! (co-developed with Suzak and LukPlus?) (JP Publisher: Bandai)
  • Kenshuui Tendo Dokuta 2: Inochi no Tenbin / LifeSigns: Surgical Unit / Lifesigns: Hospital Affairs (some programming, some graphics) (JP Publisher: Spike; US Publisher: DreamCatcher; EU Publisher: JoWooD) [2]
(Some?) Original Pictures: Astrovision; Sound: Soundtech


  • Predator (JP Publisher: Pack-In-Video; US/AU Publisher: Activision)

Game Boy

  • After Burst (JP Publisher: Masaya)
  • Jankenman (JP Publisher: Masaya)
  • Kakomunja / Serpent (JP Publisher: Naxat; US Publisher: Taxan)
  • The Little Mermaid (US Publisher: Capcom)
Korean programmer Jang Sungmok allegedly worked on this for Great. [3]
  • Marchen Club (JP Publisher: Naxat)
  • Ponta to Hinako no Chindouchuu: Yuutou Hen (JP Publisher: Naxat)
  • Rubble Saver / The Adventures of Star Saver (some system/programming[1]) (JP Publisher: King Records; US Publisher: Taito)
  • Snow Bros. Jr. / Snow Brothers (JP Publisher: Naxat; US Publisher: Capcom)
  • TaleSpin (US/EU Publisher: Capcom)
  • Teke! Teke! Asmik-kun World / Boomer's Adventure in Asmik World (JP/US Publisher: Asmik)
  • Wily & Light no Rockboard: That's Paradise (unreleased) (Capcom)

Mega CD/Sega CD

  • Ranma 1/2: Byakuran Aika (JP Publisher: Masaya)

Mega Drive/Genesis

  • Mamono Hunter Youko: Dai 7 no Keishou (JP Publisher: Masaya)
  • Trampoline Terror (US Publisher: DreamWorks)


  • Fnickli-Fnickla (JP Publisher: Sony) [4]
  • Topple Zip (programming) (JP Publisher: Bothtec)


  • Family Billiards (JP Publisher: Pack-In-Video)
  • Gunjin Shougi (JP Publisher: Pack-In-Video)
  • Membership Golf (JP Publisher: Sony)
  • Playball II (unreleased) (Sony)
  • Playball III (JP Publisher: Sony)
  • Replicart (JP Publisher: Sony)

Nintendo 64

  • Ogre Battle 64: Person of Lordly Caliber (English version programming & graphics) (US Publisher: Atlus)
Developer: Quest


  • CD-Extra development for Avalon movie soundtrack album [5]


  • Tetris for Palm

PC Engine/TurboGrafx-16

  • Digital Champ (JP Publisher: Naxat)
  • Ganbare! Golf Boys (JP Publisher: Masaya)
  • KickBall (some system/main programming[1]) (JP Publisher: Masaya)
  • Paranoia / Psychosis (JP Publisher: Naxat; US Publisher: NEC)
  • Shinobi (JP Publisher: Asmik)

PC Engine CD/TurboGrafx-CD

  • CD Denjin: Rockabilly Tengoku / Super Air Zonk: Rockabilly-Paradise (JP/US Publisher: Hudson)
  • Choujikuu Yousai Macross 2036 (JP Publisher: Masaya)
Visual Scenes: Tenky; Visual Scene Graphics: Winds
  • Cyber City Oedo 808: Kemono no Zokusei (some system/main programming[1]) (JP Publisher: Masaya)
  • L-Dis (some system/main programming[1]) (JP Publisher: Masaya)
  • Ranma 1/2: Datou, Ganso Musabetsu Kakutou-Ryuu! (JP Publisher: Masaya)
  • ROM ROM Stadium (JP Publisher: Masaya)


  • Mercury: The Prime Master (music) (JP Publisher: Maxima)


  • Daisenryaku: Master Combat (JP Publisher: OZ Club)
  • Daisenryaku: Player's Spirit (JP Publisher: OZ Club)
  • Mystic Dragoons, The (JP Publisher: Xing)
  • Nemu Lu Mayu (all programming, graphics management, dungeon/polygon/texture production[1]) (JP Publisher: Asmik Ace Entertainment)
Dungeon Image Design: Design Kombinat; CGI: pH Studio
  • Schroedinger no Neko (programming, game graphics, some game design) (JP Publisher: Takara)
Production: Office I; Direction, Some Game Design, Character & Item Design: Light House; Music: True Project; Sound Effects & Programming: Bluemoon; CG Movies: Digital Wizard, Big X, Studio Lotus; NPC Modeling: Fun Project; NPC Texturing: Max Entertainment, Technical Arts Project; Item Modeling: Nihon Effect Center; Testing: Pole To Win
  • White Diamond (direction, all programming, all graphics[1]) (JP Publisher: Escot)
Sound: Target Laboratory

PlayStation 2

  • Ashita no Joe: Touda (all programming[1]) (JP Publisher: Sunsoft)
  • Dokapon DX: Wataru Sekai wa Oni Darake (JP Publisher: Asmik Ace Entertainment)
  • Golf Navigator Vol. 1 (all development[1]) (JP Publisher: Spike)
  • Golf Navigator Vol. 2 (all development[1]) (JP Publisher: Spike)
  • Golf Navigator Vol. 3 (all development[1]) (JP Publisher: Spike)
  • Golf Navigator Vol. 4 (all development[1]) (JP Publisher: Spike)
  • Kousoku Kidoutai: World Super Police / World Super Police (JP Publisher: Jaleco; EU Publisher: Midas Interactive Entertainment)
Production: Suzak
  • Shin Bakusou Dekotora Densetsu: Tenka Touitsu Choujou Kessen (JP Publisher: Spike)
  • Sidewinder F / Lethal Skies: Elite Pilot: Team SW (menu programming, menu graphics management[1] OR game system/mission/menu/briefing[2]) (JP Publisher: Asmik Ace Entertainment; US Publisher: Sammy)
Planning, Production: Asmik Ace Entertainment; Game System/Mission/Scenario/Lines: Ogura Jimusyo; Game System/Mission/Flight Part: Bit Town; Graphics/Movie: Motor/lieZ, pH Studio, Design Kombinat; Music/SE: Square Sounds[2]
  • Sidewinder Max (menu, drama part programming, font, menu/drama part graphics management, in charge of overseas edition[1] OR drama part/menu[2]) (JP Publisher: Asmik Ace Entertainment)
Production: Asmik Ace Entertainment; Supervision/Specifications/Mission: General Support; Drama Scenario/Lines: Ogura Jimusyo; Flight Part: Bit Town; CG/Movie: Image, Motor/Liez; Music/SE: T's Music[2]
  • Sidewinder V / Lethal Skies II (some programming, some graphics) (JP Publisher: Asmik Ace Entertainment; US/EU Publisher: Sammy)
Direction, Some Programming: Bit Town; Some Graphics, Movies: Cyclone Graphics, pH Studio; Some Graphics: Design Kombinat; Screenplay: Ogura Jimusyo, The Conrad Company; Sound: Liebeslied; Some Sound Effects: Svaha S&D; Mixing Engineering: Swing Bamboo Studio; Recording: Half H·P Studio, Procen Studio; Some Movie 2D Art: Pal; Some Movie FX: Transistor Studio; Movie Color Correction: Sony PCL; Opening Movie: Motor/lieZ; Debugging: Pole To Win
  • Tenshou Gakuen Gensouroku (some graphics?) (JP Publisher: Asmik Ace Entertainment) [6]
Developer: Arcadia Project, Studio Cliche
  • VM Japan: Vantage Master: Mystic Far East (JP Publisher: Asmik Ace Entertainment)

Plus e

  • Tetris for Plus e
  • Tetris Twin

Pocket PC

  • Tetris for Pocket PC


  • Daisenryaku: Strong Style (JP Publisher: OZ Club)

Super Famicom/Super NES

  • Koutetsu no Kishi (JP Publisher: Asmik)
  • Koutetsu no Kishi 2: Sabaku no Rommel Shougun (JP Publisher: Asmik)
  • Koutetsu no Kishi 3 (JP Publisher: Asmik)
  • Might and Magic Book II (some music composition) (JP Publisher: LOZC)
Programming: Starcraft
  • Saikyo Nobuhiko Takada (JP Publisher: Hudson)
  • Verne World (JP Publisher: Banpresto)


  • 3D Course Guide (all development[1]) (JP Publisher: Spike)
  • Kurogane no Houkou 3: Warship Commander (programming[1]) (JP Publisher: Koei)
  • Shi-Kin-Joh [VAIO Game Center]
  • Shi-Kin-Joh Vol. 1 (JP Publisher: MediaKite)

1. According to Dual's website (see Links).
2. According to Bit Town's website [7] [8]